Part 7: 私 名 家 父 母 男 女 子 生 友

: 、わたくし

Meaning: I

Shape: 禾 + ム

  • The left part is a commonly used component called "nogihen".
  • The right part is like Katakana ム.

Click button to see the stroke order animation.

Word Reading Meaning Class
わたし I n

私は日本人です。<I am Japanese.>

わたくし I n

Very polite way of saying "I". It is used at the formal situation.

: ミョウ、メイ、な

Meaning: name

Shape: 夕 + 口. Identifying oneself by speach(口) in the dark(夕).

  • 夕 and 口 should be touched at the right place.
  • Don't mix up with 各.
まえ name n
[平仮]名 ひらが Hiragana alphabet n
[片仮]名 かたか Katakana alphabet n
[有]名 ゆうめい famous n, na-adj

かのじょは 有名になりました。<She became famous.>

By adding な, it functions as adjective. It is called na-adjective<ナ形容詞>.

かのじょは、有名な いしゃです。<She is a famous doctor.>

: カ、、いえ、

Meaning: house

Shape: Covering pigs (豚) or valuable things by the roof (ukanmuri).

  • The upper part is ukanmuri (ウ).
  • Look closely the shape of the lower part.
いえ house n
家[族] ぞく family n
家[庭] てい household, home n

: 、ちち

Meaning: father

Shape: A man holding an ax.

  • Maintain the balance of left and right.
  • Two upper lines should be tilted properly.
ちち father n

Used to refer one's own father.

私の父は、エジプト人です。<My father is Egyptian.>

お父さん とうさん father n

Used to refer someone's father.

あなたのお父さんは、先生ですか。<Is your father a teacher?>

[伯]父さん おじさん uncle n

Elder brother of one's father or mother.

[叔]父さん おじさん uncle n

Younger brother of one's father or mother.

: 、はは

Meaning: mother

Shape: A woman with nipples.

  • Look closely how the first two strokes are tilted, curved and crossed.
  • The last stroke strikes through the two vertical lines.
  • Don't mix up with the lower part of .
はは mother n

Used to refer one's own mother.

お母さん かあさん mother n

Used to refer someone's mother.

[伯]母さん おばさん aunt n

Elder sister of one's father or mother.

[叔]母さん げん aunt n

Younger sister of one's father or mother.


Meaning: man

Shape: 田 + 力. Power(力) on the rice field(田).

  • Try to create 4 equal squares in the upper part.
  • The lower part is like Katakana カ. The shape is vertically compressed.
おとこ man n
男の おとこのこ boy n

: ジョニョニョウ、おんな、

Meaning: woman

Shape: Symbolizing the shape of a woman.

  • Look closely how lines are tilted, curved and crossed.
  • The 1st and the 2nd strokes should be crossed at the right place.


おんな woman n
女の子 おんなのこ girl n

: シ、、こ

Meaning: child

Shape: Symbolizing the shape of a little child.

  • The 1st and the 2nd strokes are touched.
  • The 2nd stroke is slightly curved.
  • Don't mix up with 干 and .
子[供] こども child n
お[菓]子 おか confectionery n
[帽]子 ぼう hat, cap n

: ショウ、セイ、い(きる)、う(まれる)、お(う)なまは(える)

Meaning: to live, to be born

Shape: Symbolizing a new sprout on the ground.

  • The 1st stroke is tilted and slightly curved.
  • The 2nd and the 3rd strokes are crossed.
生まれる まれる to be born v

来月、子どもが生まれます。<A child will be born in the next month.>

[誕]生 たんじょう birthday n
せんせい teacher n
生[徒] せい student n

In general, it is used for junior-high and high school students.

[学]生 がくせい student n

In general, it is used for college students.

In some cases, it means students of all authorized schools.

Example: 学生割引(がくせいわりびき)<student discount>

[留学]生 りゅうがくせい foreign student n

: ユウ、とも

Meaning: friend

  • Start the 3rd stroke at the right place.
  • Look closely how the lines are tilted and curved.
  • Don't mix up with 支.
友[達] ともだち friend n
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Writing Practice

Printable writing practice sheet is available at Kanji Writing Practice page.

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Tips for Beautiful Handwriting (2)

3 types of endings

There are basically 3 ways of ending a stroke - tome (stop), harai (tapered) and hane (turning up).

To identify which type, check with the Kanji font used in the stroke order animation.

When you write with a pen, the difference cannot be seen so much. But just keep the following points in mind.

writing rule sample tome


End the stroke with pressure (on the paper).

This usually happens for straight lines.

writing rule sample harai


Less and less pressure. Pen tip should be up in the air when finished. This usually happens for curved lines.

writing rule sample hane


Stop at the bottom with pressure, then quickly release the pen tip to the upper left or to the starting position of the next stroke.

For hane, try not to draw two separate lines. The last part should not be too long.

Many people in Japan use fude pen (brush pen) for the handwriting practice. This pen has a soft tip shaped like a brush. You can experience some taste of calligraphy with it. It is recommended to get one if possible.

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Drill Exercise

Drill. A Drill. B Drill. C
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Kanji Master Drill

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