Lesson 3: Introducing Yourself

Read this page briefly and spend most of your time on drill exercise.


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I'm from ...
I'm from Brazil.
South Korea
U. S. A.

kara: from

kimashita: came

See Nations page for other countries.

I am Japanese.

Is Ms. Wang Australian?
He is not American
What nationality is she?

watashi: I / anata: you / kare: he / kanojo: she

Country name + jin = nationality

Nihon-jin: Japanese

Nani-jin desuka?: What nationality?


We are also students.

Are they also engineers?
Are you (all) also officeworkers?

watashi tachi: we / anata tachi: you (all) / kare ra: they (men) / kanojo tachi: they (women)

mo: also (comes after the subject instead of "wa")

gakusei: student

kaishain: office worker

enjinia: engineer

Hai, so desu.: Yes, it is so.

Iie, chigai masu.: No, it isn't so.

His name is Paul.
What is (your) name?
What is her name?
What is (your) job?
What is Ms.Wang's job?

noun + no = possessive

watashi no: my / anata no: your / kare no: his / kanojo no: her

namae: name

shigoto: job

onamae wa nandesuka?: What is (your) name?

oshigoto wa nandesuka?: What is (your) job?

"o" (prefix to make the word polite) is usually attached when you ask name or job directly to the person.

Who is that person?
Who are those people?
Who is her boyfriend?

hito: person / hito tachi: people

kono (hito): this (person) / sono (hito): that (person) / ano (hito): that (person)

dare: who

tomodachi: friend

kazoku: family

bōifurendo: boyfriend / gārufurendo: girlfriend

Whose pen is this?
Whose friend is he?
It's not his family's book.

pen: pen

hon: book

dare no: whose

Basic Rules

Articles and Nouns

Japanese language does not have articles (a, an, the).

You can assume that nouns don't change the form. Basically, there is no plural form, and no gender (feminine, masculine, neuter etc.).

In English, "apple" can be "an apple", "apples" or "the apple". In Japanese, it is just "apple". To mention how many, you say "one apple", "two apple" or "many apple"...


Verbs don't change the form depending on the person or the number of the subject.

In English, "I am", "he or she is" and "we, you or they are", and also "I speak" and "he or she speaks". There is no such changes in Japanese.

But they do change the form for other purposes such as tense (past, present, present progressive, etc.). You will learn more in the following lessons.

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Basic Japanese Course

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