Lesson 9: Socializing


Asking to get together
Why don't we eat out together some time?
Yes, I'd like to go.
Why don't we watch DVD together tonight?
Yes, sounds good.
Why don't we go out together tomorrow?
Some other time.
PLEASE, come to the party.
Yes, with pleasure.
Let's play a game.
I'm a little busy.

kondo: some time in the near future, at the next chance

issho ni: together

shokuji: having meal

_masenka?: Why don't we_?

_mashō: Let's _.

Iidesune.: Sounds good.

miru: to watch, to look, to see

dekakeru: to go out

Mata kondo.: Maybe, some other time. (Used often as indirect refusal.)

zehi: Used to emphasize your willingness.

Yorokonde.: With pleasure. (positive acceptance)

chotto: little (sounds more casual than "sukoshi")

isogashii: busy

Basic Rules

verb + masenka? = Why don't we _?

Literally, it seems to mean "Don't you _?". But mostly, this sentence form is used to invite someone.

Examples: tabe masenka?: Why don't we eat?, nomi masenka?: Why don't we drink (go for a drink)?, tenisu o shi masenka?: Why don't we play tennis?

verb + mashō = Let's _.

It is also used to invite someone, but sounds more stronger than "_masenka?".

Use this sentence pattern when you are almost sure that the person also wants to do it.

Examples: tabe mashō: Let's eat, nomi mashō: Let's drink (go for a drink), tenisu o shi mashō: Let's play tennis.

Making an appointment
When would be good?
How about this Saturday?
Saturday is not good.
Then, how about Sunday?
All right.
Then, let's meet here at 2pm.

ii: good, fine

warui: bad

dō: how?

tsugō ga ii: convenient, suit one's schedule, can make it

tsugō ga warui: inconvenient, not suit one's schedule, can't make it

dewa: then

kokode: at this place (koko: here + de: at)

au: to meet

Exchanging contact information
Can you tell me (your) phone number?
Do you have a cell phone?
Can you enter (input) the mail address here?
I'll send my address by e-mail later.

denwabangō: phone number (denwa: phone + bang: number)

keitai: cell phone, mobile phone

mēru adoresu: mail address

ireru: enter, input

atode: at later time

jūsho: address

okuru: to send

Basic Rules

verb + te (tte) + imasu = continuous state

This present progressive sentence form can also mean the continuous state.

Examples: keitai o mot te imasu (I own a cell phone. It doesn't mean that "I am holding it at this moment."), kare o shitte imasu. (I know him. Does not mean that "I'm getting to know him now.")

Eating out
Why don't we eat something?
What do you want to eat?
How about Italian food?
Why don't we drink beer?
Sounds good.
No, I don't drink alcohol.
It's my treat, today.
Let's split the bill.
Thank you for the treat.

nanika: something, anything

itaria: Italy / itaria ryori: Itarian food, dishes, cuisine

biiru: beer

taberu: to eat

ii desune: Sounds good.

osake: alcoholic drinks

kanpai!: Cheers!

gochisō suru: treat the meal (pay for the meal)

warikan: separating the bill (paying separately)

gochisōsamadeshita: Greeting when you finished the meal. Also can be used to thank someone who treated you a meal.

About language skills
Can you read (display) the Japanese characters on your computer?
Probably OK.
No, not possible.
Can you write Kanji letters?
I can write Hiragana and Katakana only.
Can you speak English?
I can speak just a little.

moji: letters, characters

tabun: probably

muri: not possible, can't make it

dake: only

yomu: to read

kaku: to write

hanasu: to speak

Basic Rules

verb (e) + masu = be able to _

Change the end vowel of the verb from "i (desu, masu form)" to "e".

Examples: yomi masu (I read) / yome masu (I can read) / yome masen (I can't read), iki masu (I go) / ike masu (I can go) / ike masen (I can't go).

Asking the reason
Oh, I have to go home.
Because, I'll go out tomorrow morning at 6.
Oh, I see.

kaeru: to go back

naze?: why?

dekakeru: to go out

sō desuka: I see.

Basic Rules

verb (a) + nakutewa ikemasen = have to _

Change the end vowel of the verb from "i (desu, masu form)" to "a" and add "nakutewa ikemasen".

Examples: kaeri masu (I go back) / kaera nakutewa ikemasen (I have to go back), hanashi masu (I speak) / hanasa nakutewa ikemasen (I have to speak).

verb (u) + karadesu = Bacause _. (Explaining the reason why)

Change the end vowel of the verb from "i (desu, masu form)" to "u (dictionary form)" and add "karadesu".

Examples: kaeri masu (I go back) / kaeru karadesu (Because I go back), kai masu (I buy) / kau karadesu (Because I buy)

Giving a present
Happy birthday!
Here, a present for you.
Here, a souvenir from Thailand.
Can I open?
Can I share with my family?
Yes, please.
Wow, beautiful!
Wow, great!
Wow, cute!
Wow, looks delicious!

tanjōbi birthday

omedetō gozaimasu: Congratulations!

Tai Thailand

omiyage souvenir

akeru to open

wakeru to share

ē: yes (sounds more casual)

: wow! Used when you are surprised.

kirei beautiful

sugoi great, amazing

kawaii cute, pretty Young girls use this often.

oishisō looks delicious

Basic Rules

verb + temo iidesuka = May I _?

Examples: ake masu (I open) / ake temo iidesuka? (May I open?), tabe masu (I eat) / tabe temo iidesuka? (May I eat?),

Thank you for taking care of me so nicely.
PLEASE stay my house when you come to Russia.
Please contact me when you arrive in Bangkok.
Please come to visit us again, any time.
I really appreciate that.
So, see you again. Good-bye.

osewa ni narimashita: Used to thank for the hospitality

Rosia: Russia

kuru: to come

ie: house

tomaru: to stay

Bankoku: Bangkok

tsuku: to arrive

renraku suru: to contact, to get in touch

itsudemo: any time

asobi ni kuru: come to visit, come to play

asobi ni iku: go to visit, go to play

honto ni: truly, really

Basic Rules

verb + tara = when _, if _

Examples: Kare ga ki masu (He comes) / Kare ga ki tara (When he comes, If he comes), tabe masu (I eat) / tabe tara (When I eat, If I eat).

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