Lesson 7: Shopping


About the store
Where can I buy electric appliances?
Is there a convenience store nearby?
What time does the pharmacy close?
Does that store have variety of products?

denka seihin: electric appliances / tabemono: food / fuku: clothes

dokode?: at where? (doko: where + de: at)

kau (kai masu): to buy (kae masu: can buy)

chikaku: nearby

konbiniensu sutoa: convenience store / sūpā: supermarket / yakkyoku: pharmacy

mise: store, shop

kaiten: opening (of the store) / heiten: closing (of the store)

shurui ga hōfu: full of variety (shurui: kinds, hōfu: plenty, abundant)

I am looking for _.
Are you looking for something?
I'm looking for second-hand computers.
Where's camera section?
Watch section is on the 3rd flr.

sagasu: to look for, to search

_te (tte) imasu: doing something right now (present progressive)

chūko: second-hand / shinpin: brand-new

konpyūta: computer / kamera: camera / tokei: watch

_uriba: _section (for sale)

Basic Rules

verb + te (tte) + imasu = present progressive form

Affirmative: te imasu (present) / te imashita (past)

Negative: te imasen (present) / te imasen deshita (past)

Wuestion: te imasuka? (present) / te imashitaka? (past)
Examples: tabe te imasu (I'm eating), ka tte imashita (I was buying), tsuka tte imasendeshita (I was not using)

About the product
Can this also be used in foreign countries?
What is this made of?
What is the material?
100% cotton.

gaikoku: foreign country

_demo: also at_, also in_ (place) (de: at + mo: also)

tsukau: to use (tsukae masu: can use)

_de dekite iru: be made of_

sozai: material

men: cotton / kinu: silk / poriesuteru: polyester

Extra arrangements
Can I try this on?
Can I back order?
Can you do alteration?
Can I return?

shichaku: trying to put clothes on

toriyose: back order

sunpō naoshi: alteration (sunpo: size + naoshi: fix)

henpin: return (of the purchased goods)

How is it?
Little small.
It fits. I'll take this.
Little short.

sukoshi: little

ōkii: large / chiisai: small

nagai: long / mijikai: short

: How is it? (polite) / d desuka? (informal)

chōdo ii: just right (it fits) (chōdo: just + ii: right, good)

Back order
Do you have a little smaller size?
L size is out of stock.
How long does it take for back order?
Then, please (back order). / Then, no thanks.

mōsukoshi: little more (mō: more + sukoshi: little)

saizu: size

shinagire: out of stock

dewa: then

Do you have a little lighter color?
white, black, red, blue, yellow
green, orange, pink
purple, brown, gray
Do you have a pink color with the same design?

akarui: light / kurai: dark

iro: color

onaji: same

dezain: design

Basic Rules


People know most colors in English. Try with the Japanese way of pronunciation.

howaito (white), burakku (black), reddo (red), buruu (blue), ierō (yellow), guriin (green)

Ask for other items
Do you have other patterns?
Do you have other colors?
Do you have other brands?
Do you have something similar to this?

hoka: other

gara: pattern (print)

burando: brand

nitamono: similar goods

Is _ included?
Batteries included?
Half year warranty is included.
Instructions in English is not included.

tsuku: attach, include (tsui te iru: be attached, be included)

denchi: battery

hoshō: warranty

setsumeisho: instruction, manual

Basic Rules

verb + te (tte) + imasu = state of things

The present progressive form can be used to refer the state of things.

It is like English passive form also refers the state of things. "It's frozen." for example.

Can it be a little cheaper?
Can it be cheaper if I bought two?
How much in total?
How about 7,500 yen?
Then I'll take it. / Then, no thanks.

yasui: cheap

naru: become (yasu ku naru: becomes cheap)

kau: to buy (ka ttara: if I buy)

zenbu: all

_de dōdesuka?: How about_? (inpolite)

dewa: then

Basic Rules

adjectives or adverbs + ku (or ni) + naru = become_

Affirmative: ku nari masu (present) / ku nari mashita (past)

Negative: ku narimasen (present) / ku narimasendeshita (past)

Question: ku nari masuka? (present) / ku nari mashitaka? (past)

Examples: taka ku nari masu (become expensive), chiisaku takuarimasen (doesn/t become small), shizuka ni nari mashita (became quiet)


verb + ta (tta) + ra = if I _

Examples: i ttara (if I go), tabe tara (if I eat), shi tara (if I do)

Page Top

Basic Japanese Course

1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10